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Friends & Acquaintances

Philip Cummings socialized easily with men and women from all stations and walks of life. He was a faithful correspondent and exchanged letters with many of his acquaintances for years after their first encounter. The list below shows some of the best-known figures he met and befriended during his travels.

Federico García Lorca—poet, playwright, artist
King Alfonso XIII of Spain
The Duke of Alba
Florestan Aguilar—education advisor to King Alfonso
Margarita Xirgu—actress, director, theater company founder
Enrique Fernandos Arbós—Madrid Symphony director
Pedro Salinas—professor and poet
Juan Centeno—professor
Irwin B. Laughlin—US ambassador to Spain, 1929-33

Greta Garbo*—movie star
Princess Alexandra Galitzine—Russian expatriate
Archduke Otto of Austria—Austro-Hungarian expatriate
Gertrude Stein—writer, poet, lecturer
Alice B. Toklas—secretary, companion to Gertrude Stein
Edward Tempest—anglo-american friendship campaigner

Percy MacKaye—poet and playwright
Thomas Molesworth—Western furniture designer
George W. T. Beck—co-founder and developer of Cody, WY
Thomas L. Riggs—teacher, missionary to the Sioux

Baron Johann von Liebig—industrialist
Rockwell Kent—explorer, author, artist
William Lloyd Garrison 3rd—lawyer and reformer
Josef Ganz—automotive designer and engineer


Josef Ganz, circa 1946
Photo courtesy Paul Schilperoord, Josef Ganz Archives



*See, for example: Peter Joel, "Garbo’s Vacation Romance," Screen Play (November 1932), 20-21, 60.







This is what Connectors are like...they manage to occupy many different worlds and subcultures and niches...their ability to span many different worlds is a function of something intrinsic to their personality, some combination of curiosity, self-confidence, sociability, and energy.

—Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference (New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2000), 48-49.





Greta Garbo leaving the MS Gripsholm, Göteberg, Sweden, August 1932



Garbo playing shuffleboard on the first class deck, 1932



Edward Tempest, Philip Cummings, Yorkshire, England, 1934




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Copyright © 2017 Patricia A. Billingsley